2 min read

ID: 1080128

Short Link: https://gregory-ms.com/articles/1080128/

Discovery Date: 08 November 2022, 10:13:06 UTC

Published Date: 2022-11-08 00:00:00

Source: BioMedCentral

Link: https://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12974-022-02588-7

Manual Selection: true

Machine Learning Gaussian Naive Bayes Model: false

Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:sec jats:titleBackground</jats:title> jats:pCladribine is a synthetic purine analogue that interferes with DNA synthesis and repair next to disrupting cellular proliferation in actively dividing lymphocytes. The compound is approved for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Cladribine can cross the blood–brain barrier, suggesting a potential effect on central nervous system (CNS) resident cells. Here, we explored compartment-specific immunosuppressive as well as potential direct neuroprotective effects of oral cladribine treatment in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice.</jats:p> </jats:sec>jats:sec jats:titleMethods</jats:title> jats:pIn the current study, we compare immune cell frequencies and phenotypes in the periphery and CNS of EAE mice with distinct grey and white matter lesions (combined active and focal EAE) either orally treated with cladribine or vehicle, using flow cytometry. To evaluate potential direct neuroprotective effects, we assessed the integrity of the primary auditory cortex neuronal network by studying neuronal activity and spontaneous synaptic activity with electrophysiological techniques ex vivo.</jats:p> </jats:sec>jats:sec jats:titleResults</jats:title> jats:pOral cladribine treatment significantly attenuated clinical deficits in EAE mice. Ex vivo flow cytometry showed that cladribine administration led to peripheral immune cell depletion in a compartment-specific manner and reduced immune cell infiltration into the CNS. Histological evaluations revealed no significant differences for inflammatory lesion load following cladribine treatment compared to vehicle control. Single cell electrophysiology in acute brain slices was performed and showed an impact of cladribine treatment on intrinsic cellular firing patterns and spontaneous synaptic transmission in neurons of the primary auditory cortex. Here, cladribine administration in vivo partially restored cortical neuronal network function, reducing action potential firing. Both, the effect on immune cells and neuronal activity were transient.</jats:p> </jats:sec>jats:sec jats:titleConclusions</jats:title> jats:pOur results indicate that cladribine exerts a neuroprotective effect after crossing the blood–brain barrier independently of its peripheral immunosuppressant action.</jats:p> </jats:sec>

Noun Phrases in Title

  • Cladribine treatment
  • cortical network functionality
  • a mouse model
  • autoimmune encephalomyelitis
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