Sci Rep. 2022 Nov 27;12(1):20411. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-24617-4.
Here we present a comprehensive mass cytometry analysis of peripheral innate lymphoid cell (ILC) subsets in relapsing/remitting MS (RRMS) patients prior to and after onset of cladribine tablets (CladT). ILC analysis was conducted on CyTOF data from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of MS patients before, 2 and 6 months after onset of CladT, and non-MS controls. Dimensionality reduction was used for immunophenotyping ILC subsets. CladT reduced all ILC subsets, except for CD56bright NK cells and ILC2. Furthermore, CD38+ NK cell and CCR6+ ILC3 were excluded from CladT-induced immune cell reductions. Post-CladT replenishment by immature ILC was noted by increased CD5+ ILC1 proportions at 2 months, and boosted CD38-CD56bright NK cell numbers at 6 months. CladT induce immune cell depletion among ILC but exclude CD56bright NK cells and ILC2 subsets, as well as CD38+ NK cell and CCR6+ ILC3 immunophenotypes. Post-CladT ILC expansions indicate ILC reconstitution towards a more tolerant immune system phenotype.