2 min read

ID: 1113728

Short Link: https://gregory-ms.com/articles/1113728/

Discovery Date: 28 November 2022, 09:44:00 UTC

Published Date: 2022-11-28 00:00:00

Source: BioMedCentral

Link: https://arthritis-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13075-022-02954-z

Manual Selection: none

Machine Learning Gaussian Naive Bayes Model: false

Abstract

jats:titleAbstract</jats:title>jats:sec jats:titleBackground</jats:title> jats:pNon-neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (non-NPSLE) has been confirmed to have subtle changes in brain structure before the appearance of obvious neuropsychiatric symptoms. Previous literature mainly focuses on brain structure loss in non-NPSLE; however, the results are heterogeneous, and the impact of structural changes on the topological structure of patients’ brain networks remains to be determined. In this study, we combined neuroimaging and network analysis methods to evaluate the changes in cortical thickness and its structural covariance networks (SCNs) in patients with non-NPSLE.</jats:p> </jats:sec>jats:sec jats:titleMethods</jats:title> jats:pWe compare the cortical thickness of non-NPSLE patients (jats:italicN</jats:italic>=108) and healthy controls (HCs, jats:italicN</jats:italic>=88) using both surface-based morphometry (SBM) and regions of interest (ROI) methods, respectively. After that, we analyzed the correlation between the abnormal cortical thickness results found in the ROI method and a series of clinical features. Finally, we constructed the SCNs of two groups using the regional cortical thickness and analyzed the abnormal SCNs of non-NPSLE.</jats:p> </jats:sec>jats:sec jats:titleResults</jats:title> jats:pBy SBM method, we found that cortical thickness of 34 clusters in the non-NPSLE group was thinner than that in the HC group. ROI method based on Destrieux atlas showed that cortical thickness of 57 regions in the non-NPSLE group was thinner than that in the HC group and related to the course of disease, autoantibodies, the cumulative amount of immunosuppressive agents, and cognitive psychological scale. In the SCN analysis, the cortical thickness SCNs of the non-NPSLE group did not follow the small-world attribute at a few densities, and the global clustering coefficient appeared to increase. The area under the curve analysis showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in clustering coefficient, degree, betweenness, and local efficiency. There are a total of seven hubs for non-NPSLE, and five hubs in HCs, the two groups do not share a common hub distribution.</jats:p> </jats:sec>jats:sec jats:titleConclusion</jats:title> jats:pExtensive and obvious reduction in cortical thickness and abnormal topological organization of SCNs are observed in non-NPSLE patients. The observed abnormalities may not only be the realization of brain damage caused by the disease, but also the contribution of the compensatory changes within the nervous system.</jats:p> </jats:sec>

Noun Phrases in Title

  • Abnormal cortical thickness
  • structural covariance networks
  • systemic lupus erythematosus patients
  • major neuropsychiatric manifestations
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